Petroleum (also called as crude oil) is one of the most important natural resources found beneath the Earth surface. Generally a black coloured, volatile liquid at room temperature, petroleum is mostly recovered by drilling beneath the surface (be it on the ground or deep in the sea bed). Petroleum by itself is not really useful, since it’s just a mixture of a large number of hydrocarbons mixed with each other. This is why the various components are separated from each other, by a method called fractional distillation. From there, we can get a multitude of products, some of which you should be vastly familiar with:
• Petrol – Yes, it’s the same liquid you pump into your car at petrol shed. Actually petrol is not only used as a fuel for vehicles (ranging from small cars to big haulage vehicles), but it can be found in things such as lawn mowers and to power big industrial turbines and petrol generators Australia. Petrol is also a good lubricant and can be used as a solvent too. Gasoline is another common name used for petrol.
• Diesel – This one is also pretty familiar, and like petrol, it is used as a fuel for vehicles or in other applications such as on those diesel air compressors for sale that are exclusively used in mining or other heavy duty applications in various industries.
• Jet fuel – you might not know, but aeroplanes powered by gas-turbine engines use a type of fuel exclusive to them called jet fuel. Of course, there are many types of jet fuels used, although they are all fairly similar and are different only due to the various additives added to them.
• LPG – LPG stands for Liquefied Petroleum Gas. Also known as natural gas, this is actually the gas we use in our day to day lives for cooking purposes. Other than that, it is also used to provide energy or heating in environments that do not have access to electricity or in case of emergencies. This gas is also used as a fuel in some vehicles.
• Asphalt – Asphalt or bitumen is mainly used to construct roads, as an asphalt concrete mixture. Despite this, it can also be used for other purposes, such as in waterproofing and sealing flat roofs and to produce certain lacquers.
• Other uses – There can be several other by products after separating the above components. Such by products are then used to produce fertilizers, plastics, oils and waxes.